Ausbildung : Vocational Training – An opportunity to earn and learn in Germany

Ausbildung in Germany

If you have an “Abitur” or the equivalent qualification (12th pass), you can study dual-track vocational training in Germany. Dual-track training involves both theoretical and practical components.

For more information, see this article.

What is Ausbildung in Germany? What are the requirements for it? And how long does it take? What is the language requirement? We answer these questions and much more about Ausbildung in Germany.


German vocational training (Ausbildung)

ausbildung in germany

The foundations of the German vocational training system (VET) are a dual training approach, based on the apprenticeship model. It involves both classroom-based theoretical knowledge and work-based training in companies.

Federal states oversee the school-based component, while companies organize company-based training. The dual training model is a result of several decades of development.

In Germany, students can choose between vocational training or university degrees. There are many advantages to this dual system. Apprenticeships can lead to master’s degrees, which increase the responsibility and pay of graduates. However, there are several requirements for entry.

Prerequisites for Ausbildung in Germany

To be eligible for an Ausbildung in Germany for Indians, students need to fulfill the prerequisites for completing their Ausbildung program.

In Germany, school leavers must demonstrate that they have completed a school with an appropriate German language level.

For example, applicants must prove that they have a B1 language level and can communicate effectively in German. The higher their level of German, the more likely they are to be accepted to an Ausbildung program. 

For trades and craft occupations, there are different prerequisites. For example, nurses spend two months in school, followed by two months in practice. A typical program lasts two or three years.

Upon graduation, trainees can work as an expert in a company, obtain further qualifications, become self-employed, or return home to work.

ausbildung in germany

Duration of Ausbildung in Germany

The duration of Ausbildung or Dual vocational Training in Germany depends on the profession chosen. Many occupations are split into block-based programs.

Nurses, for example, spend half their time in school and half in practice. Most trainees, however, spend only a fraction of their time in school and half in practice.

Trainee salaries will vary according to the occupation. Some are paid up to 1,000 EUR per month. Other professions may have different requirements and require more time.

In Germany, the duration of an Ausbildung program is three to four years, although this can be reduced depending on the individual. Depending on the department, vocational training school, and company, the Ausbildung can be completed in less time.

In general, the most important requirement for qualifying in an Ausbildung program is good German language proficiency. It takes up to three years to complete. In addition to completing your training, you can gain a job immediately after graduation.

Language requirement

You can apply for an apprenticeship in Germany if you are a foreign national and you have German as your mother tongue. If you are not, you can still apply for this program. You just need to make sure you are fluent in the German language.

You also can apply for an Ausbildung if you have no formal education but are interested in technical fields. In almost every field of study, you can apply for this program. It can be a dual education or vocational training.

Benefits-Importance of dual vocational training

The work experience is invaluable and you usually learn more during internships than during college. In addition, you get a wage and sometimes other benefits and help from the firm.

You have the same number of holidays like regular employees (24-30 days per year) which you can only take during internships. Another advantage is that usually a lot of the teachers are people who are working in the field, meaning they bring in actual work experience and teach you up to date stuff.

Vocational Education helps people do their work better because they receive a great learning opportunity. Workers get a chance to refine their talents while earning money.

Certain professional skills gained from vocational training teach students the importance of manual work. The physical work done under some jobs makes them strong, healthy and involved.

Through bridging demand and the supply gap with highly qualified employees, vocational education is transforming the economy. This also offers students the ability to take marketable knowledge directly into the work environment from the classroom.

School dropouts and adults (Aged between 18-30) may also obtain this kind of education, as it provides an opportunity to learn skills and trade. There are many well-paid career fields that do not require a college degree.

The importance of Vocational Education is the provision of satisfying work for those who have no desire to obtain college degrees, but who are fully capable. They simply take advantage of Vocational Education to prepare for a career of satisfying and useful work.

The student is an employee of the company from the beginning and receives tasks that are according to his growing abilities. If a company is willing to make an employment-contract with the student after his dual education time, the company gets an employee who knows the company’s workflow.

The student can also benefit from the knowledge about born hard and soft skills of more experienced co-workers. The student develops under real conditions. Furthermore, the student earns money from the beginning.

Given that students in dual education systems receive high quality vocational training and education, they are well prepared to enter the job market at a young age, and the firms that participate in their training are more willing to hire them when they graduate.

Vocational Training Categories

Hotel Expert
Industrial Clerk
Metal & Electrical Profession
Electrician / Industrial Electrician
Warehouse Logistic Specialist
Automobile Profession
Cook or Chef
Spa & Wellness Specialist
Mechatronics Technician

Certification after Completion of the Training

The system of vocational education in Germany functions by cooperation between small and medium companies. Cooperation is regulated by law and employers and trade unions are responsible for creating new training regulations. Since certificates are standardised across all industries, the dual education system ensures that apprentices receive the same training regardless of region or company. Employers trust the certificates since they provide evidence of an individual’s knowledge. There is also a shared responsibility between the government, employers and trade unions which helps in responding to digital landscapes or changing job markets which impact how effective future employees may be in the future job market. Vocational education is designed to make it easier for employers seeking new employees by allowing them to test potential candidates as apprentices and create a smoother flow for the hiring process.


  1. 12 th pass from any stream
  2. Age should be between 18 to 30.
  3. B1 level of German Language Skills
  4. Passport

Krislingua Services:

  1. All 3 German Levels (A1, A2 and B1)
  2. Goethe Exam Preparation
  3. Document Collection
  4. Vocational Training Application
  5. Arranging Admission Letter & Offer Letter
  6. Accommodation Arrangement
  7. Visa assistance

Ausbildung : Vocational Training in Germany